Purity & Identification
Tests for a Genuine Rudraksha
Although Rudraksha bead is
a gift of Lord Shiva for the benefit of entire mankind, yet in Ancient days very
few people which primarily included Saints and Brahmins were aware of the
benefits of Rudraksha Beads. Hence, the Rudraksha beads were available in
abundance since their demand was restricted to a select few people. However, in
recent times, a lot of research and work has been done on Rudraksha beads and
their benefits due to which there has been an unprecedented surge in their
demand which can not be fulfilled because Rudrakshas grow naturally while their
demand has surpassed their growth. This short fall in requirement of Rudraksha
beads have led some people to make fake Rudrakshas wherein either they are made
using artificial materials like wood, areca nut, nutmeg, tulsi, etc. or at
times, the original Rudraksha beads are tempered by adding / hiding one mukha to
convert them into costlier ones which makes it very hard for a normal person to
differentiate them from the real one. For example, a 14 Mukhi Nepalese Rudraksha
is around 4 to 5 times costlier in comparison to a 13 Mukhi Nepalese Rudraksha
and therefore adding an extra mukha artificially by skilled hands to a genuine
13 mukhi Nepalese Rudraksha can easily convert it into a 14 Mukhi Nepalese
Rudraksha which may pass almost all the common tests for a genuine Rudraksha. It
is due to this reason that only a Cut Test or the X-ray Test or Laboratory Test
done by experts under a Microscope can be a perfect answer for establishing the
Authenticity of a Rudraksha Bead. Please find below a few commonly known test
for Rudraksha Beads along with an Analysis of their creditability.
There are few methods of testing a Genuine Rudraksha :
|Cut Test :|
A full proof method is to cut the Rudraksha bead horizontally. One will find the same number of compartments as that of the number of lines
(mukhas). However, the drawback is that by this method, the bead gets destroyed.
However, a better technique wherein a Digital X-ray is taken of the Rudraksha
bead and ideally, there should be an equal number of chambers visible in the
X-ray as the number of mukhas. However, this technique is also not very reliable
due to over lapping in higher mukhi Rudrakshas thereby creating confusion and
Properties Test :
method is to find out whether the beads exhibit properties like
Inductance, Capacitance, Conduction of electric current etc.
However, this test also requires sophisticated instruments and experienced
people to measure these properties which is beyond the scope of normal customer.
|The Copper Coin Test :|
It is generally
believed that if a Rudraksha bead is placed between two copper coins, it should rotate slightly. This is
said to be due to the physical and magnetic properties of the Rudraksha beads
& is generally conducted by many clients who are unfortunately not aware of the
real fact and reason for rotation. In reality, the
fact is that if any object is roundish (like Rudraksha bead) and have
protrusions like those found on Rudraksha beads, it will rotate if it is held
between any two smooth metal coins due to mechanical force which gets applied on
the pivoted surface of Rudraksha bead and it has got nothing to do with the
genuineness of the Rudraksha. Alternately, there may be no rotation at all if the
Rudraksha is very tightly held between the two coins or if the protrusions are
flattish thereby resisting the movement. In all
such cases, where the Rudraksha bead does not rotate at the hands of clients,
they conveniently conclude that the bead is a fake.
|Eye test :|
Fake or the Artificial Rudraksha may look like a real one but in these Rudraksha, the facets (mukhis) can not be made as real as those present on the real Rudraksha. In a Rudraksha, the facets or the mukhis means deep lining from the upper part to the lower part of Rudraksha. Looking at these deep linings (facets) with the help of a magnifying glass, one can easily recognize a real Rudraksha.
Nowadays, most of the Gem Testing Laboratories have started testing Rudrakshas
also wherein a fake Rudraksha can be easily identified under a Microscope.
|Water test :|
It is a known fact that the specific gravity
of water is one and any thing having a higher density than water will sink in it
irrespective of the fact that it is a Rudraksha or any other item. A perfectly
ripe Rudraksha therefore usually sinks in water since it have a specific gravity
higher than that of water and it is due to this reason that a sinking of Rudraksha in
water has been labelled as a test for its genuineness which is very
unfortunate, deceptive and can easily lead a genuine Rudraksha bead to be
labelled as a fake Rudraksha.
4The Rudraksha bead being tested is genuine but it is not fully ripe and hence, does not sink due to the fact that there is a lot of Air trapped inside the Rudraksha which does not allow it to sink in water in spite of being a fully authentic and genuine Rudraksha bead. This is exactly similar to a person holding on to a Life Jacket while in water which prevents him from drowning. This very Rudraksha bead will sink if it is worn for a few months because during this period, the trapped air will get relieved due to the rudraksha bead being exposed to a number of other liquids like Body Oil and other oils. Sometimes the hole in the Rudraksha is very big being a natural phenomenon and in such case also, the Rudraksha may not sink in the water in spite of being a genuine one.
Alternately even a fake Rudraksha made out of wood and impregnated with lead will sink in water thereby giving a false impression of a real Rudraksha.
Hence, although widely accepted as a test of genuine Rudraksha bead, a Water Test can also give highly erroneous results due to which even a genuine Rudraksha may be labelled as a fake one while a fake Rudraksha may be accepted as a genuine Rudraksha.