A person is said to be under the Sade Sati of Saturn when the Saturn is transiting over the 12th, 1st and 2nd House from Natal Chart Moon. The period of Saturn Sade Sati is Seven and a Half Years since the planet Saturn takes around Two and a Half Years to transit through One Zodiac Sign. This Sade Sati of Saturn has THREE phases as follows :-
First Phase : During this period the planet Saturn is transiting over the 12th house from Natal Chart Moon. As such it is said to be affecting the Head region of the Native thereby giving problems related to this region of body.
Second Phase : During this period the planet Saturn is transiting over the 1st house from Natal chart Moon which means that it is transiting over the natal chart Moon. The planet Moon controls our Emotions and hence the native becomes disturbed at an emotional level during this transit of Saturn
Third Phase : This is the period when the Saturn is transiting over the 2nd House from Moon. This is the last phase of Saturn Sade Sati and Saturn is said to be affecting the lower body region during this transit.
Apart from this when the Saturn is transiting over the 4th and the 8th house of your Moon Chart, this period is known as DHAIYA or the SMALL PANOTI of the Saturn.
The effect of Sade-Sati remains for seven & a half year and that of Dhaiya remains for two and a half year. These transits of planet Saturn generally adversely affects health, mental peace & finances of the native.
Generally Sade-Sati comes THRICE in a horoscope in the life time - first in childhood, second in youth & third in old-age. First Sade-Sati has effect on education & parents. Second Sade-Sati has effect on profession, finance & family. The last one primarily affects the Health of the Native.
Normally people are very afraid of Saturn Sade Sati and Dhaiya since planet Saturn is considered to be a Cruel Planet giving inauspicious results. However this is not always true and in fact sometimes the Saturn Sade Sati may prove very beneficial to a native depending upon the position of Saturn in his/her horoscope.