Chaitra Navratri ( devoted to the worship of Goddess Durga ) is a Nine day festival that begins from first day of the Chaitra month as per Hindu Lunar Calendar. Chaitra Navratri is also known as Vasant Navratri. The 9th day of Chaitra Navratri usually celebrated as the Birth of Lord Rama ( Ram Navami ). This year, Chaitra Navratri will begin from Saturday, 6th of April till Sunday, 14th of April 2019 and Ram Navami will be celebrated on Sunday, 14th of April 2019.
Legend Behind Ram Navami :
According to Great Epic Ramayana, once upon a time, there was a King named Dasarath, during his Kingdom, Ayodhya reached a period of great prosperity. However, he had no children and therefore he decided to perform a sacrifice known as "Ashwamedh". He had to observe difficult rituals for this sacrifice. Rishyashring priest was chosen to conduct the sacrifice with utmost accuracy and that was a great event in Ayodhya. The Gods, Gandharvas, Siddhas & Rishis present arid began to pray to Lord Brahma, the Creator of Universe. At that time, Ravan (Demon) was terrorizing the people and all were praying for liberation from his threats. Ravan was given a boon by Lord Brahma that he would never die by the hands of Gods or Gandarvas or Yakshas or Demons. Ravan was very cruel and did not care for humankind & never included men in his list of potential slayers. Therefore, Lord Brahma declared that Ravana would die by the hands of a man. The Gods went to Lord Vishnu with the request that Dasarath is a Glorious King and asked to take Birth in the wombs of his three queens in four different degrees of his divinity. When Dasarath's sacrifice ended, a shining figure appeared over the sacrificial homam kund and offered a divine beverage to King Dasarath known as "Payasam" to be given to his queens Kausalya, Kaikayi and Sumitra. In few months, Kausalya gave birth to Lord Rama, Kaikeyi to Bharat and Sumitra to Lakshman & Shatrugna. Lord Rama was believed to be the embodiment of half degree of Vishnu's divinity. Hence, Lord Rama's birth is celebrated as Ram Navami with great zeal and enthusiasm.
Nine forms of Shakti are worshipped during the Navratris. Every day, she assumes a new incarnation, having a new look and name. Each Goddess has a different form and special significance. The message that Goddess Durga gives to her devotees is that with the force of dignity and wisdom, we can achieve the victory over all the demonic forces inside us.